A. Glossary and Abbreviations

Affordable Housing: In line with Circular 13/96 "Planning and Affordable Housing", affordable housing is defined as encompassing both low-cost market housing and subsidised housing (irrespective of tenure, ownership (whether exclusive or shared), or financial arrangements) that will be available to people who cannot afford to occupy houses generally available on the open market.

Agricultural Diversification: The introduction of alternative uses to traditional farming activities in rural areas. This is currently being encouraged by a package of grants to help farmers investigate and invest in new sources of farm income. This initiative stresses the need to ensure that alternative uses are appropriate land uses in a rural area. As a requirement of receiving grant, the farmer must obtain all the necessary approvals including planning permission.

Arts Council: The Arts Council is an independent, non-political body working at arms length from the Government. Its aim is to promote access, education and excellence in the arts through partnership.

Biological Heritage Site: A schedule of non-statutory sites set up by Lancashire County Council on the basis of the Phase 1 Habitat Survey, Lancashire Wildlife Trust Sites list and other known important sites.

Brownfield Development: Development taking place on previously developed, but subsequently cleared sites.

Combined Heat and Power (CHP): Combined heat and power, using the waste heat from power generation to provide heating for a building or neighbourhood.

Climate Change Levy: From April 2001, the Climate Change Levy has been charged on the industrial and commercial use of energy. This covers use of primary and or secondary fuel for lighting, heating, motive power and power for appliances by consumers in any of the following sectors of business: industry (including fuel industries), commerce, agriculture, public administration, and other services.

Conservation Area: An area of special architectural or historic interest identified by the Council under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990, where it is desirable to preserve and enhance the special character of a locality, town or village.

Conservation Area Partnership (CAP): The Burnley & Padiham CAP is a partnership between English Heritage, Burnley Borough Council and other funding agencies. It provides grant monies for high quality repair and restoration schemes. These CAP grants are targeted at architecturally / historically significant properties within specific Conservation Areas in both Burnley Town Centre and Padiham.

Countryside Agency: Is a statutory body working: to conserve and enhance the countryside, to promote social equity and economic opportunity for the people who live their, to help everyone, wherever they live, to enjoy this national asset.

Derelict Land: Land which has been so damaged by past development that it is incapable of beneficial use without treatment.

Development: The carrying out of building, engineering, mining or other operations, in, on, over or under land, or the making of any material change in the use of any buildings or other land. (see Section 55 of the Town and Country Planning Act, 1990).

Development Brief: A statement of land use opportunities and constraints on a particular site, prepared for the guidance of potential developers. It will generally give details of the favoured land uses for a site and the standards which any development should meet.

English Heritage: Is the Government’s lead body for the historic environment in England. Responsible for protecting the best of this country’s unique legacy of historic buildings, landscapes and archaeological sites for the benefit of this and future generations.

English Nature: Is the Government’s agency that champions the conservation of wildlife and natural features throughout England.

Environment Agency: Is a non-departmental public body, the “guardians of the Environment”, that has a legal duty to protect and enhance the environment throughout England and Wales and so contribute towards sustainable Development.

Environmental Assessment: A statutory requirement under the Town and Country Planning (Assessment of Environmental Effects) Regulations 1988, requiring the disclosure of information on the environmental consequences of certain planning applications.

Gateways: Areas identified for the purposes of this Plan as the main "arrival" points in the Borough's Town Centres, where the environmental appearance should be exemplary to provide a positive impression of the Borough to local residents, visitors and potential investors.

General Development Order (GDO): Most development requires planning permission, however, the GDO identifies certain, mainly minor, forms of development where planning permission is given automatically and no planning consent is required.

Government Circular: A form of guidance issued by Central Government from time to time on a variety of topics, including planning, which Councils should consider when exercising their planning functions.

Green Belt: Generally areas of open land where new development is strictly controlled.

Greenfield development: Development taking place on previously undeveloped sites and most often comprising land which was last used for agriculture. Greenfield development is normally located outside the existing built up extent of a settlement.

Greenways: A network of routes and open spaces linking urban and rural areas.

Hazardous Installations: Certain sites and pipelines designated under legislation as notifiable installations, because of the quantities of hazardous substances they manufacture, process, store or use.

Highways Agency: An Executive Agency of the Department of Transport responsible for the motorway and trunk road network in England. Within Burnley this includes the M65 motorway.

Historic Park: A park of historic interest identified by the Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England. The settings of these parks is intended to be protected from adverse development.

Home Zones: Residential streets in which the use of road space is shared between motor vehicles and other road users, with the wider needs of residents, including pedestrians, children and cyclists being accommodated for the first time. Home zones can, for example, include areas for children to play, provide environmental improvements and facilities such as seats for older residents and parents to meet.

Home-working: Use of a room or rooms in a residential property for the carrying out of a business activity.

Housing Association: A non-profit making organisation registered with the Housing Corporation whose purpose is to provide, construct, improve or manage houses for sale or rent.

Impact Assessment: An assessment of the impact of proposed retail/leisure developments on existing centres, transport networks and car travel.

In-bye Land: Enclosed grassland, usually found in upland areas, which has not been ploughed, levelled, drained and re-seeded for at least ten years and which is subject to regular treatment with fertiliser, used for pasture or for the production of hay or silage.

In Situ: In the natural, original, or appropriate position

Informal Recreation: Leisure activities which tend not to require marked out areas or detailed organisation, such as walking, bird watching, horse riding and cycling.

Infrastructure: The provision of roads, drains, gas, electricity and other services to a site to ensure its satisfactory development.

Listed Building: A building of special architectural or historic interest included within a list compiled by the Secretary of State for the Environment under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990. Listed Buildings are graded according to their importance, Grade I (highest grade), Grade II* (intermediate) and Grade II (standard grade). Listed Buildings cannot be altered or demolished without specific consent being granted.

Lifetime Homes: Have sixteen design features, such as a requirement for the living room to be at entrance level, that ensure a new house or flat will meet the needs of most households.

Local Nature Reserve (LNR): An identified area of wildlife interest which is protected for public education and interest. A Local Nature Reserve is declared under the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act, 1949.

Local Transport Plan (LTP): Introduced in the Government’s White Paper: “A New Deal for Transport: Better for Everyone” (1998). Produced by Lancashire County Council, this Plan sets out a bid to the Government for the money to carry out schemes to create better transport facilities in the County. It covers a five year period from 2001.

Local Plan: A document identifying detailed proposals for the use of land in a local area, which interprets the broad policies and proposals of the Structure Plan. Local Plans consist of a Written Statement, Proposals Map and any other illustrative material and are used as a basis for development control and co-ordinating new development.

Mobility Impaired: Those members of the community whose movement is hindered either by personal physical disability or other personal circumstances, such as people with pushchairs, toddlers or bulky shopping.

National Playing Fields Association/NPFA Standard: A pressure group established to ensure that everybody has access to recreational space within easy reach of their homes. It recommends Councils adopt their standard of provision for playing space, which currently stands at 2.4 ha. (6 acres) of outdoor playing space per 1,000 population.

Park and Ride: A scheme to enable private vehicle users to park at a convenient location where they transfer to public transport to complete their journey into central urban areas.

Permitted Development: Certain forms of generally minor development which do not require planning permission.

Planning Obligation: An undertaking made by agreement between the Council and a developer or unilaterally by a developer for the purpose of restricting or regulating a development or use of land, usually made in connection with the granting of planning permission. (See Section 106 of the Town and Country Planning Act, 1990).

Planning Policy Guidance Note (PPG): A form of guidance issued from time to time by Central Government to provide concise and practical guidance on planning policy issues. Councils are expected to have regard to them in exercising their planning functions.

Previously - developed Land: This is defined by PPG3 as:

Previously developed land is that which is or was occupied by a permanent structure (excluding agricultural or forestry buildings), and associated fixed infrastructure. The definition covers the curtilage of the development. Previously developed land may occur in both built-up and rural settings. The definition includes defence buildings and land used for mineral extraction and waste disposal where provision for restoration has not been made through development control.

The definition excludes land buildings that are currently in use for agricultural or forestry purposes, and land in built up areas which has not been developed previously (e.g. parks, recreation grounds, and allotments – even though these areas may contain certain urban features such as paths, pavilions and other buildings). Also excluded is land that was previously developed but where the remains of the structure or activity have blended into the landscape in the process of time (to the extent that it can reasonably be considered as part of the natural surroundings), and where there is a clear reason that could outweigh the re-use of the site – such as its contribution to nature conservation – or it has subsequently been put to an amenity use and cannot be regarded as requiring development.

Main Shopping Area: Key streets within Burnley Town Centre predominantly in retail use. The introduction of A2 and A3 uses into the Main Shopping Area will be restricted in order to protect the retail function.

Quality Bus Partnership (QBP): Partnership between local authorities and bus operators aimed at pursuing a programme of measures to promote and improve bus routes.

Quality Freight Partnership (QFP): Local Partnerships which involve local authorities, freight operators, businesses and developers working together to agree a more sustainable approach to freight transport issues.

Rail Passenger Partnership (RPP): The Rail Passenger Partnership (RPP) scheme is a new form of funding designed to encourage improvements in the rail network.

Regional Spatial Strategy (RSS): A spatial strategy providing a broad framework for the preparation of development plans in the North west.

Renewable Energy: The term used to cover energy flows that occur naturally and repeatedly in the environment e.g. from the sun, wind, oceans and the fall of water. Plant material is an important source of renewable energy and combustible or digestible industrial, agricultural and domestic waste materials are also normally categorised as renewable sources.

Residential Care Home: An institution providing both residential accommodation and care facilities for those in need of care such as the elderly, mentally ill and mentally handicapped.

Retail Warehouse: A large, single storey building selling non-food goods to the general public on a self-service basis. Usually associated with large surface level car parking provision.

Retail Park: A group of three or more retail warehouses situated outside or on the edge of a town centre associated with shared car parking facilities.

Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England (RCHM): The national body of architectural and archaeological survey and record. Merged with English Heritage in 1999.

Safer Zones: A Lancashire County Council Scheme, in partnership with the Lancashire Police, to identify and implement various casualty-reducing initiatives harmoniously with other highways related issues.

Scheduled Ancient Monument: A structure or archaeological remains of national importance, where the provisions of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 apply.

Secondary Shopping Street: Secondary shopping streets in Burnley Town Centre where a range of uses will be acceptable intermixed with retail shops.

Section 106 Agreement: An agreement made between the Local Authority and any person interested in the land, for the purpose or restricting or regulating the development or use of land or buildings, in a manner beyond the scope of conditions attached to a planning permission. (Section 106 Town and Country Planning Act 1990)

Sheltered Housing: Housing for use by the elderly and supported by a package of estate management services. Accommodation usually consists of grouped, self-contained dwellings with an emergency alarm system, communal facilities and a residential warden.

Single Regeneration Budget (SRB): The SRB, which began in 1994, brought together a number of programmes from several Government departments with the aim of simplifying and streamlining the assistance available for regeneration. To date, there have been six rounds of SRB funding.

Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI): A protected area identified by English Nature as being of national wildlife importance, including flora, fauna, geological or physiological features.

Special Needs Housing: Housing for people such as the elderly, the physically and mentally handicapped, those leaving institutional care, and young people who have housing needs which cannot be met by the general owner-occupied or rented market.

Strategic Rail Authority (SRA): The SRA's key role is to promote and develop the rail network and encourage integration. As well as providing overall strategic direction for Britain's railways, the SRA has responsibility for consumer protection, administering freight grants and steering forward investment projects aimed at opening up bottlenecks and expanding network capacity. It is also responsible for letting and managing passenger rail franchises.

Strategic Route Network (SRN): The network of roads which are considered to be of more than purely local importance in terms of traffic movement.

Structure Plan: Development Plan which sets out the strategic planning policies for a particular shire county and forms to basis for detailed policies in local plans.

SRB6: see Single Regeneration Budget

Supplementary Planning Guidance: Further and more detailed planning advice, which supports and extends the policies and proposals of the UDP. This can be topic or area based, providing extra information on planning related issues which the Council will prepare as and when appropriate.

Surestart: Sure Start aims to improve the health and well-being of families and children before and from birth, so children are ready to flourish when they go to school. It does this by: setting up local Sure Start programmes to improve services for families with children under four and spreading good practice learned from local programmes to everyone involved in providing services for young children.

Sustainable Drainage Systems: Is an approach to managing rainfall in developments that replicates natural drainage

Sustainability/Sustainable Development: Defined by the World Commission on Environment and Development (commonly known as the Brundtland Commission) as; "Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the needs of future generations to meet its own needs".

Throughroutes: Defined for the purposes of this Plan as the Borough's main transport and travel corridors, including the main highways, railway lines and waterways, where the environmental appearance should provide a positive impression of the Borough to local residents, visitors and potential investors.

Toucan Crossing: Crossing points for the dual-use of both pedestrians and cyclists.

Traffic Calming: A form of traffic restraint aimed at improving the quality of the environment in order to provide a safer and more satisfactory environment for residents/pedestrians and to ensure that a better balance is created between the needs of pedestrians/cyclists and motorists.

Traffic Management: The control of traffic movement/parking by the use of Traffic Regulation Orders or alterations to the road layout.

Transport Assessment: An assessment of the transport implications of a development, including accessibility by all modes of transport.

Travel Plan: Is a package of measures aimed at bringing transport and other business issues together in a co-ordinated strategy, with an emphasis on reducing single-occupancy car travel.

Tree Preservation Order (TPO): An Order made by the Council to protect trees, groups of trees or woodlands of high amenity value which may be under threat. Consent of the Council is required to fell, lop or prune trees which are covered by an Order.

Use Classes Order: The Town and Country Planning Use Classes (Amendment) Order 2005, as amended, lists land use classes. A change from one use to another, does not constitute development requiring planning consent if it falls within the same use class. Similarly, in certain cases, changes from one use class to another, do not constitute development and, therefore, do not require planning permission. All other changes are subject to planning consent. Use Classes commonly referred to in the Burnley Local Plan are:

Wildlife Corridor: A linked series of sites for species migration and dispersal, often comprising diverse semi-natural habitats and linear features such as canals, railways, major roads, rivers and streams.

Windfall Site: A housing site which has not been identified for development in the Plan, but which subsequently comes forward for development during the Plan period on receipt of planning consent.

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